Definition of Exports and Imports and Activities
Activities selling goods or services to other countries are called exports, while activities to buy goods or services from other countries are called imports, such activities will generate foreign exchange for the state. Revisions represent the entry of foreign currency we can use to pay for purchases of foreign imports .
Import activities are carried out to meet people’s needs. Imported products are goods that cannot be produced or countries that can already be produced, but cannot meet people’s needs.
A. Export and import products from Indonesia
In general, export and import products can be divided into two, namely oil and gas goods and non-oil and gas goods. Oil and gas and oil and gas goods are mining goods in the form of oil and gas. Non-oil and gas goods are goods which are in the form of oil and gas, such as plantation, agriculture, livestock, fisheries and mining products which are not in the form of oil and gas.
1. Indonesian export products
Indonesian export products include the results of agricultural products, forest products, fishery products, mining products, industrial products and also services.
a. Agricultural product
Examples of rubber, palm oil, cloves, tea, pepper, quinine, tobacco and chocolate.
b. Forest products
Examples of wood and rattan. Exports of wood or rattan may not be in the form of logs or raw materials, but in the form of semi-finished goods or finished goods, such as furniture.
c. Fisheries Products
Fisheries that are mostly exported are the result of the sea. fishery products export products, including tuna, skipjack, shrimp and milkfish.
d. Mining Products
Examples of mining goods that are exported are tin, aluminum, copper and gold coal.
e. Industrial Products
Examples of cement, fertilizers, textiles and apparel.
In the service sector, Indonesia sends overseas workers, including Malaysia and Middle East countries.
2. Indonesian Import Products
Indonesia imports goods consumed with raw materials and auxiliary materials and capital materials. Consumer goods are goods used to fulfill daily needs, such as food, drinks, milk, butter, rice, and meat. raw materials and auxiliary materials are goods needed for industrial activities both as raw materials and supporting materials, such as paper, chemicals, medicines and motorized vehicles.
Capital Goods are goods used for business capital such as machinery, spare parts, computers, aircraft, and heavy equipment. Indonesian imported products in the form of agricultural products, among others, rice, flour, soybeans and fruits. Indonesian imported products in the form of livestock products include meat and milk.
Indonesia’s imported products in the form of mining products between lan are petroleum and gas, Indonesia’s imported products in the form of industrial products include electronic goods, chemicals, vehicles. in the field of Indonesian services bring in experts from abroad.
B. Activities for exchanging goods and services between Indonesia and abroad
In general, the exchange of goods and services between one country and another is carried out in the form of cooperation among others:
1. Bilateral Cooperation
bilateral cooperation is cooperation carried out by the two countries in the exchange of goods and services.
2. Regional cooperation
Regional cooperation is cooperation carried out by two or more countries that are in a particular region or region.
3. Multilateral cooperation
multilateral cooperation is cooperation carried out by more than two countries carried out from all over the world.
C. Benefits of export and import activities
The following are the benefits of export and import activities
1. Can meet community needs.
2. State income will increase due to foreign exchange.
3. Improve people’s economy.
4. Encouraging the development of industrial activities